Gardening is a growing hobby, even for the millennial generation. But unfortunately, there’s a lot of patience and time that goes into gardening, and it’s very easy to mess up the process somewhere along the way.
Even though it’s a tough hobby to keep up, there are a lot of great reasons to have a garden, and it’s not surprising that people love gardening so much. But before you start making a concerted effort towards the wonderful world of horticulture, there are some important tips that you should live by before having a garden at home.
Establish an Idea
Is your garden going to be an herb garden, a flower garden, or a vegetable garden?
If you want to grow flowers, do you fancy annuals, which need to be replanted every year, but provide color all summer long? Or do you love perennials, which usually have a shorter blossom time but come back every year?
Obviously, you can mix-and-match as well. It’s your garden, and you can create it however you’d like. But it’s nice to have a theme that you can stick to for years to come.
Choose a Prime Location
Nearly all flowers and vegetables need approximately six hours of exposure to sunlight per day. Spend a full day in your ideal spot before you plant your garden and observe how the sunlight moves across the area. It might get more or less sunlight than you originally anticipated.
Do You Have to Dig?
If necessary, digging can help loosen your soil so roots can penetrate a lot easier. On the other hand, digging when the soil is too dry or too wet can destroy its structure.
Only dig when you see that your soil is moist enough to create a loose marble in your fist but also dry enough to break apart when dropped.
Remember that whatever garden you choose, you’ll have to turn the soil once a year, particularly in the spring before your flowers come into full bloom.
Choose Your Plants Carefully
Some people pour through catalogs for months doing research while some people go to the garden shop and purchase whatever seems to fit in their garden. Either method works just fine as long as you pick plants which adapt well to your soil, your climate, and the amount of sunlight visible in your garden.
The internet is also a phenomenal resource, and below is a short resource on some of the flowers you may want in your garden to get started.
Annuals: marigolds, cosmos, geraniums, impatiens, zinnias, calendula, and sunflowers, and
Perennials: black-eyed Susans, Russian sage, purple coneflowers, lamb’s-ears, daylilies, phlox, and pansies
Vegetables: tomatoes, lettuce, cucumbers, and peppers
Putting Plants In The Ground
Some plants like kale and pansies can tolerate cold temperature, so they can be planted during autumn or during late winter.
On the other hand, nearly all annual flowers can’t tolerate the cold, so it is best not to plant them until the later spring.
Some plants, like sunflowers and lettuce, are easy to raise from seed. You can plant them directly in your garden. Be certain to read the seed pack for knowledge about the time to plant, how deep you need to plant, and how far apart those plants should be from other seeds.
The Benefits of Water
Seedlings must never dry out, so remember to water them daily while they are in the exponential growth phase. New transplants also demand regular watering every other day until their roots become settled.
Protect Your Plants From Invaders
One of the biggest challenges for your garden will be keeping pests, weeds, and diseases out of your garden. To a certain degree, weeds are unavoidable, and they’re relatively harmless as long as these weeds don’t start choking out your plants. However, you really need to keep the bugs away if you want your plants to survive.
You’ll have to do some regular weeding in your garden if you want to ensure success, and you’ll probably want to invest in some weed killers to stop them from getting out of your control. Remember that it’s easier to remove weeds from your garden when your soil is wet.