As pet owners, it is necessary to find out the ups and downs of having your furry friends around you and your loved ones. Fleas are one of the pests that feats on your friends, unfortunately, they can also get their food from us as well. However, fleas prefer their food source to be pets instead of humans, but it does not stop them from having a fill from us. Moreover, fleas get their nutrients from us if there is no other source of nutrition available.
Furthermore, different types of fleas cause different reactions in individuals. So, the type of reaction you get from a flea bite depends on the fleas that bit you. Not all flea species are fans of the human as a food source. There are different species of fleas, and you need to know the fleas that are interested in disturbing the heck out of you while they are around you. Below are the species that feast on humans.
The Pulex irritans
The Pulex irritans is also known as the Human flea for- they feed on a variety of mammals such as chickens, birds, dogs, and of course humans. The Pulex irritans initial hosts are believed to be guinea pig and peccary. According to the Centers for Disease Control, the Pulex irritans are not effective carriers of disease. However, they can serve as intermediate hosts of two types of tapeworms.
The Tunga penetrans go by multiple names, chigoe, jigger or the tunga. When the female jigger finds its suitable host, it burrows into the skin. Unfortunately, the flea remains there except surgically removed. They are located in Central America, South America and the tropical region of Africa. These fleas bite on humans mostly cause infection, and in severe cases, amputation. The fleas are not the carriers of the disease; this is due to the result of the flea’s entrance wound.
The Xenpsylla cheopis or the Oriental rat flea is found all over the United States; it feeds on house mice, cotton rabbits and rats. They waste no time in feasting on humans, and they are responsible for spreading some diseases such as bubonic plague.
Also known as the Cat flea is very common in the United States and it can easily pass from infected pets to humans. However, they are less likely to turn humans as their hosts. However, humans are not the preferred choice for cat fleas, but a bite on the human skin can cause some diseases such as plague, typhus, and cat-scratch disease.
How to identify flea bites on humans
Flea bites are similar to mosquito bites on human skin except it has a red bump with a halo. Majority of flea bites can cause severe itchiness, but the level of a reaction depends on the individual; how sensitive they are and if they are allergic to the flea bites or not. Other than the chigoe flea bites that take time for the reaction to show on the skin, flea bites the different species look the same.
The good news is you can save your family including your furry friends from flea infestation by hiring a professional pest control operator.